Role of AFOLU Mitigation in INDCs and National Policy in Asia
At COP21 in 2015, 195 nations signed on to a historic agreement to combat climate change and unleash actions and investment towards a low carbon, resilient and sustainable future. The Paris Agreement aims to keep the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels.
The Paris Agreement was built upon the submission of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) by individual countries, in which nations indicate the actions they intend to take under the new global climate agreement. Analysis of the INDCs indicates that there is still a gap between current contributions and emission reductions, putting pressure on all countries to consider how they can increase their level of ambition.
This paper analyzes how AFOLU low emission development strategies (LEDS) are included in INDCs and national development plans and strategies of selected countries in Asia that have different AFOLU emission profiles and development priorities: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. It is intended to assist national policy makers and other decision-makers who seek to understand and strengthen the connection between the current roles AFOLU LEDS is expected to play compared to the mitigation potential from AFOLU.