USAID LEAF's Livelihood Assessment Report, Lao PDR
04 September 2014
In Lao PDR, climate change manifestations mainly include an increase in temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns which are likely to be accentuated in the coming decades, according to climate model projections (GCCAP, 2012). This phenomenon arises from the production of two greenhouse gases coming from the farming sector namely methane – as a result of livestock digestion processes and stored animal manure, and nitrous oxide - from organic and mineral nitrogen fertilizers. This trend is intensified by commercial concessions, large mining and energy projects as well as rapid deforestation driven by legal and illegal logging, combined with forest degradation linked to slash-and-burn cultivation (GCCAP, 2012). Agriculture, forestry, and natural resources are of critical importance to the Lao PDR, both at the level of the whole country and for local communities, especially for vulnerable farming households. Consequently, the potential effects of climate change need to be assessed carefully and possible adaptation and mitigation strategies developed.
Under the United States Agency for International Development Lowering Emission in Asia’s Forest (USAID-LEAF) program, the objective of this report is to assess and recommend potential livelihood improvement activities/interventions within the context of REDD+ compatible (‘climate smart’) agricultural opportunities within LEAF targeted villages. This report compile information gathered during the fieldwork conducted in February and March 2014 in the project villages located in the target districts of Sanamxay (SAN) district of Attapeu province and Viengxay (VGX) and Xamtai (XAM) districts of Houaphan province.